Infertility is the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse, or the inability to carry a pregnancy to term. To get a more accurate answer to the question “what is infertility”? this definition is reduced to six months for:
- Women over 35
- Women with a history of painful periods, irregular cycles, pelvic inflammatory disease and miscarriages
- Couples who know that the male partner has a low sperm count
The earlier you seek help, the greater your chances for success. If you and your partner have been trying to conceive without success, have been diagnosed with infertility, or have a non-traditional relationship inhibits you from getting pregnant, we urge you to see a specialist as soon as possible.
A common misconception is that infertility is only a woman’s problem. In fact, for almost 50% of infertile couples, the cause is related to the male partner, either alone or in addition to a female factor.
When a couple has fertility concerns, Nordica Lagos recommends that both the male and female partner have full work-ups in order to determine the most effective treatment approach.
INFERTILITY IN WOMEN
Female infertility can result from a range of factors. Nordica Lagos can work with you to determine the cause of your infertility and the best treatment options. Common causes of female infertility include:
Problems with fertility may arise if a woman’s fallopian tubes have been damaged by pelvic infection, previous tubal pregnancy, or ruptured appendix. Most women with tubal problems benefit from in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Most women ovulate every 21 to 35 days. Women with cycles greater than 35 days are considered to have oligo-ovulation. Those who do not ovulate at all have anovulation. Medical therapy is often successful in these cases.
Age and Infertility
Advanced age is now the leading cause of infertility in the United States. For women, age-related infertility results from a decrease in the number and quality of her eggs over time.
Endometriosis is a condition where normal uterine tissue grows outside the uterus. Laparoscopy, a minor outpatient surgical procedure, is the most common treatment for endometriosis.
Abnormalities of the cervix affect fertility. One of the most common causes is prior surgery on the cervix, such as a cone biopsy, or laser therapy to treat cervical cancer. Treatment includes intrauterine insemination and IVF.
Abnormalities to the shape of the uterus can also impact fertility. Some of these include scar tissue, polyps, or fibroids. Hysteroscopy or a laparoscopy can be used to treat many uterine abnormalities.